Field Biology-Fall 2011
Dr. Jerry Skinner; Capwell Hall 211; phone: 945-8404;
||Eaton, E. and
K. Kaufman. 2007.
Field Guide to Insects of North America. Houghton-Mifflin. NY. 383 pp. ISBN
Gibb, T. and C. Oseto.
2006. Arthropod Collection & Identification: Laboratory &
Field Techniques. Elsevier: Boston. ISBN
first half of the semester; Monday 2-4 pm in Capwell 202; occasional
trips may take place at other arranged times.
When this course is complete, you
familiar with the insects of Pennsylvania and specifically with
those found in our
familiarity with the life cycles of insects.
be functional with
be able to prepare and curate an
insect collection for taxonomic purposes.
collect data in an acceptable format.
Assignment for next class
||Hurricane Day! Class cancelled.
||Read Kaufman Field Guide pp. 1-19 and Gibb & Oseto Ch. 1
||Introduction; overview of
insects; capture techniques.
Sugaring for Moths
||Curation of specimens;
overview of selected orders; local field trip.
Monarch Life History
||Monarch life history
and tagging. Sugaring for moths tonight.
||5 specimens due; First life history
||Local field trip; aquatic insects.
||5 specimens due; Second life history
||Columbus Day holiday-no
||Local field trip.
||5 specimens due.
TRIPS: Come prepared to be
outside for the entire class..
Guidelines for Assignments
Specimens/Photos: you will submit 20 properly identified
and documented specimens for grading. You have the choice of submitting
either properly preserved and curated specimens or photographs.
If you choose to submit photos, they must be crisp, of good quality,
clearly showing the characteristics necessary for identification, in
JPEG format, and no larger than 1 mb in size. Photos may be
emailed. If you have a new county record and submit it to the
Heritage Program you will receive a 5 pt bonus.
History Accounts: you will describe the natural history of
two species from different orders. This will include common
name, scientific name, habitat, range, status (abundant?
endangered?), photo(s) showing dimorphism if present, flight dates
(if known: most applicable to PA), special aspects (e.g., migratory?).
For lepidoptera: larval and adult food sources. Under no
circumstances will this exceed two pages. The first one must
describe one of the species you have already collected.
|Quizzes (2 @ 10 pts)
(20 @ 5pts)
|Life histories of two
species @10 pts
90 - 92.9
87 - 89.9
83 - 86.9
80 - 82.9
77 - 79.9
73 - 76.9
70 - 72.9
67 - 69.9
60 - 66.9
less than 60
The Fine Print:
Keystone College does not discriminate in any of its programs
on the basis of disability. While there is not a deadline for
the disclosure of a disability by a student, in order to
facilitate the documentation and accommodation processes,
students are encouraged to voluntarily and confidentially
disclose and disability requiring an accommodation prior to
the beginning of class. This disclosure should be made to Owen
firstname.lastname@example.org , College Counselor &
Coordinator of Disability Services. Students who disclose a
disability, and who are seeking an accommodation, ultimately
will be expected to provide documentation verifying the
Honesty – Division of Natural Science and Mathematics
All students are subject to the
College's policy and procedure on academic dishonesty; see
the current Keystone College catalog.
The Natural Science and Mathematics
Division recognizes that any form or degree of academic
dishonesty challenges the principles of truth and honesty
which are among the most important founding principles of
science and mathematics discovery. Keystone College treats
academic dishonesty as a serious violation of academic trust.
It penalizes all students found to have engaged in such
Academic honesty within the College and the Natural Science
and Mathematics Division must be a cooperative enterprise of
faculty, students and administrators. Acts of academic
dishonesty include but are not limited to the
- The illegitimate
use of study materials or electronic devices in any form
during a quiz or examination.
- Copying answers
from the quiz or examination paper of another student.
- Plagiarizing or
falsifying materials or information used in the completion
of any assignment which is graded or evaluated as the
student's individual effort. Plagiarism includes submitting
as one's own the ideas or work of another, including the
laboratory data, written materials or the computer files of
another, regardless of whether that information is used
verbatim or in paraphrased form. The same applies to
anything derived from the Internet, including research
papers purchased online.
- Obtaining, through
theft, bribery, or collusion, or otherwise improperly
securing an examination paper prior to the time and date for
the administration of the examination. Also, use of an
examination paper previously administered (e.g., during an
earlier term) without the consent of the instructor who
authored the examination.
- Impersonating a
candidate at an examination or availing oneself of such an
impersonation in any traditional or online class.
interfering with any person's scholastic work, for example,
by damaging or stealing laboratory experiments, computer
data files or library materials.
- It is presumed
that material submitted by a student for an assignment is
original to that assignment and, therefore, submitting the
same work for more than one course without the consent of
the instructors of each course in which the work is
submitted is considered dishonest. Submission of previously
graded work from prior assignments is considered dishonest.
- Aiding or abetting
any act of academic dishonesty including but not limited to
such offenses as described above.
Any student caught
cheating, or using someone’s work as their own, will be
reported to the Academic Dean of the College. A grade of zero
will be recorded for that assignment/test/quiz. For more
information on dishonest acts including plagiarism, cheating,
and fraud, consult your
Student Information Guide.
Keystone College states that all official
student email correspondence be sent only to a
student’s Keystone email address and that faculty and staff
consider email from students official only if it
originates from a Keystone account. This allows the College to
maintain a high degree of confidence in the identity of all
individuals and the security of transmitted information.
Keystone College furnishes each student with a free email
account that is to be used in all communication with College
College has set deadlines for withdrawing from courses.
These dates and times are published in the course catalog and
on the Academic Calendar. It is the student's responsibility
to handle withdrawal requirements from any class. The proper
paperwork must be completed to ensure that you will not
receive a final grade of "F" in a course if you choose not to
attend once you are enrolled. If you are considering
withdrawing from a class, consult your Advisor and
refer to the
An “I” (Incomplete) will only be given under
extenuating circumstances. It will not be given to students
who simply fail to do the work or miss an exam. If an “I” is
given, students must complete the work within four weeks into
the following semester, or receive a grade of “F” for the
Keystone College offers tutoring assistance for many of
North American Insects and Spiders
Caterpillars of Eastern Forests
Atlas of Pennsylvania Butterflies
Pennsylvania County Checklists of Odonates:
PA Natural Heritage Program:
Plecoptera of Pennsylvania (Stoneflies)
Stoneflies of Pennsylvania
Stoneflies of PA
Trichoptera of Pennsylvania (Caddisflies)
Key to Trichoptera of Pennsylvania
Ephemeroptera of Pennsylvania (Mayflies)
Mayflies of the US/Pennsylvania
images, & information for insects, spiders & their kin for the United
States & Canada
and Moths of North America
Additional Useful Identification
Brunelle, P. M. and P. G. deMaynadier.
2005. The Maine Damselfly and Dragonfly Survey: A Final Report. Maine
Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. Bangor, Me. Available as a
free pdf file at - http://mdds.umf.maine.edu/MDDS%20Final%20Report%20Page.htm
Dubois, B. 2005. Damselflies of the
North Woods. North Woods Naturalist Series. Kollath-Stensaas Publ.
Duluth. ISBN 0-9673793-7-7 ($18.95)
Glotzhober, R. C. and D. McShaffrey (eds).
2002. The Dragonflies and Damselflies of Ohio. Ohio Biological Survey
Bulletin New Series Vol 14 (2). ISBN 0-86727-145-0 available at
Lam, E. 2004. Damselflies of the
Northeast. Biodiversity Books, Forest Hills, N.Y. ISBN 0-9754015-0-5
(order from website - $22 – allow 3 weeks for delivery)
Mead, K. 2003. Dragonflies of the
North Woods. North Woods Naturalist Series. Kollath-Stensaas Publ.
Duluth. ISBN 0-9673793-6-9 ($18.95)
Nikula, B, J. L. Loose, and M. R.
Burne. 2003. A Field Guide to Dragonflies and Damselflies of
Massachusetts Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program. Mass.
Division of Fisheries & Wildlife. Boston, MA. Massachusetts Natural
Heritage Program. http://www.mass.gov/dfwele/dfw/nhesp/nhpubs.htm
(scroll down for order form - $20 – allow 3 weeks for delivery)
Technical Reference Texts
(most are expensive, some are out of print, but many are available from
Corbet, P. S. 1999. Dragonflies:
Behavior and Ecology of Odonata. Cornell University Press. ISBN
Needham, J. G., M. J. Westfall and
May. 2000. Dragonflies of North America. Scientific Publishers,
Gainesville, Florida. ISBN 0945417942 ($160)
*Walker, E. M. 1953. The Odonata of
Canada and Alaska: vol. 1: part I: general. part II: The zygoptera -
damselflies. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Ontario. (out of
*Walker, E. M. 1958. The Odonata of
Canada and Alaska: vol. 2: part III: The anisoptera - four families.
University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Ontario. ISBN 0-8020-7076-0. (out of
*Walker, E. M. and P. S. Corbet. 1978.
The Odonata of Canada and Alaska: vol.3: part III: The anisoptera - three
families. Edition 2. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Ontario. ISBN
0-8020-5321-1. 308 p. (out of print)
*all three volumes available as high
resolution scans for $160 from http://www.ontarioinsects.org/publications.htm
Westfall, M. J. and M. L. May. 1996.
Damselflies of North America. Scientific Publishers, Gainesville, Florida.
ISBN 0-945417-93-4. (out of print)
Westfall, M. J. and M. L. May. 2006.
Damselflies of North America – Revised edition. Scientific Publishers,
Gainesville, Florida. ISBN 0-945417-97-7. ($104)