Sample First Test for Environmental Science
May Weekender 2002
Here are some sample multiple choice questions. Don't be surpised
by a few definitions or an essay.
1: Which of the following best describes
B: the study of population, pollution, resources
C: the study of the living world.
D: the study of pollution.
2: Which of the following is NOT characteristic
of a sustainable society?
A: relies heavily on fossil fuels
B: uses wood and other renewable resources
C: practices conservation
D: recycles whenever posible
3: A(n) _________________ is
a tentative explanation of scientific observations that can be tested by
D: inductive reasoning
E: none of the above
4: In a scientific test of the effects of
pollutants on animals, the group that is treated is called the ____________
E: none of the above.
5: The goal(s) of the field of environmental
science is (are) to
A: learn how to manipulate the environment
to solely serve mankind.
B: find solutions to environmental problems
already created by man.
C: determine how humans affect other species
and the physical environment.
D: identify ways to avoid upsetting the delicate
balance of global biological systems.
E: All but one of the answers above.
6: Which of the following is NOT a cause
of increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere?
A: burning of fossil fuels
B: clearing and burning of forests.
C: acid rain.
D: release of radioactive gases from nuclear
E: c) and d)
7: All of the following are consequences
of global warming except . . .
A: changes in rainfall patterns.
B: melting of ice sheets.
C: rise in sea level.
D: the hole in the ozone layer.
E: all of the above are consequences of global
8: Why can more people be supported by eating
vegetables and grains from a field than by eating meat from beef grazed
on the same land?
A: because the lower an organism feeds on
a food chain the greater the available biomass
B: this statement is ridiculous, it's the
other way around
C: because beef biomass is not converted
into human flesh as efficiently as plant biomass
D: all of the above
E: none of the above
9: Omnivores are
A: also called herbivores.
B: green colored.
C: abiotic components.
E: unspecialized feeders.
10: A biological population consists of
A: a group of organisms of the same species.
B: any group of organisms in the same habitat.
C: all of the organisms in a single community.
D: all of the organisms of the same kind.
11: Choose either the carbon, nitrogen, or phosphorous
cycle to show how human interference often leads to environmental problems.
12: A lump of coal and a starch molecule have what
A: they both contain work
B: neither has the capacity to do work
C: they are inorganic molecules
D: they are both forms of potential energy
13: The conversion of atmospheric nitrogen into
inorganic nitrogen (which can be used by plants)
A: occurs in the roots of all plants.
B: is called nitrogen fixation.
C: occurs in nitrogen nodules in legumes,
such as peas.
D: both B and C.
E: all of the above.
14: Which of the following is most likely to become
a limiting factor in many ecosystems?
15: About ___ % of the energy available at one
level of a food chain gets transferred and stored in usable form in the
bodies of organisms at the next level.
16: The distribution of desert, grassland, and
forest biomes is determined principally by
17: Zooplankton eats phytoplankton, a minnow eats
the zooplankton, and a turtle eats the minnow. From this we can conclude
A: phytoplankton are primary consumers.
B: zooplankton are primary producers.
C: zooplankton are carnivores.
D: the turtle is a carnivore.
E: the turtle is a decomposer.
18: The general area which an animal might use
on a regular basis for activities such as gathering food, sleeping, etc.,
is known as its
E: home range.