The "Study Guide" for the final exam.  This contains material from the previous study guides.

To be frank, I am not in favor of study guides for college students.  By this point in your career, you should be capable students who know how to study.  And as many of you are education majors, you should have special insight into what would be the test-worthy material.  However, because of how disjointed our class has been this semester, here is a guide of sorts:

Chapter 2-Daisyworld

Daisyworld, per se, isn't that important.  It is a model to get us thinking with a 'systems' mentality.

  1. Be sure you can define, recognize, and give an example of a positive/negative coupling, and a positive/negative feedback loop.

  2. Be familiar with the graphic conventions used in the textbook e.g., an line with an arrowtip indicates positive, a line with a circletip indicates negative.

  3. Be sure you can define, recognize, and give an example of a stable and unstable equilibrium state.

  4. Distinguish between a forcing and a perturbation.

  5. Be able to apply 1, 3, and 4 to the Daisyworld scenario.

  6. Be sure you can answer the end of chapter review questions.

  7. Critical thinking question 3 looks interesting.

Chapter 3-The Greenhouse Effect

  1. define 'the Goldilocks syndrome'.

  2. be familiar with the properties of electromagnetic radiation:  wavelength, and frequency

  3. recognize that light travels in photons and as waves

  4. be familiar with vib g yor, the approximate wavelengths in nm, IR and UV radiation.

  5. give the 'take home message' about the inverse-square law, Wien's Law, and the Stefan-Boltzman Law.

  6. have a general familiarity with the three temperature scales used in the book.  E.g., what would be a comfortable room temperature in F, C, and Kelvins?

  7. how much warmer is the earth due to the non-anthropogenic greenhouse effect?

  8. discuss the composition of the atmosphere

  9. list the important greenhouse gases

  10. discuss the structure of Earth's atmosphere and why there are temperature and pressure differences

  11. distinguish between conduction, radiation, and convection as heat transfer mechanisms

  12. explain why water vapor and carbon dioxide are greenhouse gases while nitrogen and oxygen are not.

  13. Be sure you can answer the end of chapter review questions.

Questions composed by your class colleagues

Chapter 2: 

  1. Define albedo
  2. What distinguishes a forcing from a perturbation?
  3. What is the difference between a positive feedback loop and a negative feedback loop? Give an example of one.
  4. What is the difference between positive and negative coupling?
  5. What is the process responsible for a dark surface feeling warmer than a light surface?
  6. What is albedo and how does it affect the earth's climate?
  7. Which describes a scenario in which a change in one component is a stimulus that leads to a change of the same direction in a linked component?

A. Positive Coupling

B. Negative Coupling

C. Negative Feedback Loop

D. Positive Feedback Loop

8. As we observe in daisy world, when the average temperature decreases than the daisy coverage decreases.  This idea is an example of which

    1. Negative Feedback Loop
    2. Unstable Equilibrium
    3. Positive Feedback Loop
    4. Forcing

9. An equilibrium state is known as ______________ when it is created by a negative feedback loop.

    1. unstable
    2. stable
    3. positive
    4. negative    

10 Explain what caused the daisies to die and grow in the daisy world model?

11. Give an example of a positive and a negative coupling.

12.  Give an example of something with high albedo.  Give an example of something that has low albedo.

13. What makes Daisyworld a self-regulating system?

14. According to Daisyworld, when the temperature increases what happens?

a. Daisies Decrease

b. Daisies Increase

c. Albedo increases

d.  Both B and C


15.  A system which amplifies the effects of disturbances is a(n)
    a. equilibrium state
    b. negative feedback loop
    c. daisyworld
    d. positive feedback loop

Ch. 3: 

  1. What is the % of light that we can see?
  2. What are the two most abundant gases in Earth's atmosphere?
  3. What is wavelength and frequency? Explain how both are different and list some characteristics of each.
  4. What are the four regions of the earth's atmosphere?
  5. List the four layers of Earthís Atmosphere and put in order from closest to earth to furthest away.
  6. What is the importance of the clouds in the earth's atmosphere and how do different clouds affect the earth's surface?
  7. Which layer of Earth's atmosphere contains the largest concentration of ozone?
    1. Thermosphere
    2. Mesosphere
    3. Stratosphere
    4. Troposphere
  1. Which of the following will not be found on the Electromagnetic Spectrum?
    1. Microwaves
    2. X-rays
    3. Infrared
    4. Macrowaves
  1. A transfer of heat through direct contact is known as ______________.

a.       radiation

b.       convection

c.       conduction

d.       flux        

  1. Name and describe the three different types of clouds that we discussed in class? How do they affect the heating and cooling of the earth?
  2. As a wavelength gets shorter the energy

a.       increases

b.       decreases

c.       stays the same

  1. Name five greenhouse gases.
  1. What is blackbody radiation?
  2. The concept that as you go up in altitude, the pressure also goes up is known as:

    A. Wienís Law

    B. Stefan-Boltzmann

    C. Barometric Law

    D. Flux

  3. Most of the suns energy comes out of what?

  4. The wavelength gets _______ when the radiation has more energy.
    A. Longer
    B. Shorter
    C. Stays the same.

  5. Which of these is NOT a greenhouse gas?
        a. Carbon Dioxide
        b. Nitrogen
        c. Methane
        d. Water Vapor

  6.