1:     The moving of a particle in a series of rolls, hops, and jumps near the bottom of a stream channel is called
     A:      infiltration.
     B:      exfoliation.
     C:      saltation.
     D:      erratic transportation.
     E:      gradation.

2:     When an area changes from being largely rural to being mostly urban, the lag time between
the onset of precipitation and the onset of flooding
     A:      remains essentially unchanged.
     B:      increases.
     C:      decreases.
     D:      decreases at first and then increases.

3:     Rapids and waterfalls are characteristic of a stream's __________ stage.
     A:      youth.
     B:      maturity.
     C:      old age.
     D:      rejuvenation.

4:    Land subsidence is likely to occur over an excessively tapped confined aquifer because
     A:      excessive tapping causes a confined aquifer to sink under its own weight.
     B:      the upper confining bed becomes heavier when water is withdrawn from the aquifer.
     C:      of the lowering of the water pressure, which helped support the weight of the overlying strata.
     D:      the bigger the cone of depression in an unconfined aquifer the greater the support for the weight of overlying strata.
     E:      excessive tapping turns a confined aquifer into an unconfined aquifer.
5:      Permeable rock strata or sediments that transmit groundwater freely are called
       A:      perched water tables.
       B:      aquicludes.
       C:      springs.
       D:      aquifers.
       E:      none of these.
6:      (Channel width)  x  (channel depth)  x  (velocity) is the formula used to determine a stream's
       A:      discharge.
       B:      gradient.
       C:      longitudinal profile.
       D:      sheetflow.
       E:      sediment load.
7:      An influent stream channel lies __________ the water table.
       A:      above
       B:      below
       C:      within
       D:      next to
       E:      beyond
8:      Most caves have been formed by
       A:      air pockets left in the crust of the Earth after the Earth first cooled.
       B:      the dissolution of limestone bedrock.
       C:      the abrasive action of sediment carried by groundwater.
       D:      the hydraulic action of rapidly flowing underground streams.
9:      Most streams transport the greatest amount of sediment as part of their  ________ load.
        A:      dissolved
        B:      suspended
        C:      bed
10:     The vertical drop of a stream channel over a certain distance defines
        A:      discharge.
        B:      laminar flow.
        C:      runoff.
        D:      gradient.
        E:      alluvium.
 11:     The __________ is the upper limit of an accumulation of groundwater.
        A:      capillary fringe
        B:      belt of soil moisture
        C:      water table
        D:      zone of aeration
        E:      zone of saturation
12:     The continuous movement of water from the oceans to the atmosphere, from the atmosphere to the land, and from the land back to the sea is known as
       A:      evapotranspiration.
       B:      the Kreb's cycle.
       C:      the hydrologic cycle.
       D:      the atmosphere cycle.
       E:      none of these.
13:     All other factors being equal, a sediment containing rounded particles will __________ than a sediment containing angular particles.
      A:      dissolve more readily
      B:      fault more easily
      C:      hold more water
      D:      be deposited more thickly
      E:      reach its capacity more quickly
14:     When water passes through a fast-moving, rough-bottomed stream, (like the South Branch of Tunkhannock Creek) it exhibits
      A:      laminar flow.
      B:      turbulent flow.
      C:      gradient flow.
      D:      ebb and flow.
      E:      percolation.
15:     The world's largest river in terms of discharge is the
      A:      Congo.
      B:      Mississippi.
      C:      Nile.
      D:      Volga.
      E:      Amazon.
 16:     Hot springs are most numerous in which region of the United States?
       A:      southeast
       B:      midwest
       C:      west
       D:      northeast
17:     All of the following are true of an artesian well except
        A:      the water comes from an inclined aquifer.
        B:      the water rises above the level where it was first encountered.
        C:      the water always flows out at the ground surface.
        D:      The aquifer is surrounded by impermeable layers.
18:     All  of these are associated with the zone of aeration except
        A:      belt of soil moisture
        B:      capillary fringe
        C:      pore spaces filled mainly with air
        D:      groundwater
19:     When bedrock is crisscrossed by a series of joints and faults, a drainage pattern characterized by many right angle bends may develop.  Such a pattern is termed
        A:      dendritic.
        B:      rectangular.
        C:      radial.
        D:      trellis.
20:     Any water drawn from below the water table is
        A:      groundwater.
        B:      soil moisture.
        C:      capillary water.
        D:      artesian water.
        E:      none of these.